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Register entries give date of letter; name or title of addressee; usually place of residence, ship, or station; and a brief summary of the contents of the letter. There are no letters for the period October 1846 through December 1847. Arranged by name of agent or purser or by department and thereunder chronologically.
In the Secretary's letters to the commandants of navy yards and naval stations after September 1868, he ordered them to carry out sentences of courts-martial, appointed them to retirement and examining boards, and provided instructions on administrative and personnel matters, including pay. Most of the letters for 1801 requested signature of the Secretary of War on Treasury warrants. The responsibility for overseeing the agents was delegated to the Secretary of the Navy. Other letters sent relating to African colonization during the periods 1816-22 and after 1840 are among those described in entries 4 and 6, respectively. Later letters to the Governor of the Naval Asylum are among those described in entry 3. Others requested information and advice on contracts for equipment and supplies. There are indexes to names of officers in the first 10 volumes and to squadrons or naval forces in the last 3. Some of the volumes have name and subject indexes, which often contain brief summaries of the letters. Arranged in nine binders chronologically by time period and thereunder for the most part alphabetically by initial letter of surname of addressee or name of office. Some of these are published in Naval Documents Related to the United States Wars With the Barbary Powers: Naval Operations Including Diplomatic Background from 1785 through 1807 (Washington, DC, 1939-44), 6 vols. They informed the Secretary of such matters as arrivals in port and transfers or deaths of men serving under them and requested promotions for officers serving under them or for themselves. Arranged chronologically in volumes labeled "Miscellaneous Memoranda." These are carbon copies of memorandums commenting on papers referred by other aides or officials of the Navy Department. Thomas Truxton from the War Office, March 16, 1798, which states in part: "The names of the Marines and Seamen, are to be entered alphabetically, in the Muster and Pay Rolls. 709), states in part: Apparently these regulations were not followed by all officers of the Navy, including commanding officers of navy yards and stations after 1800, as there were many circulars issued by the Navy Department requesting officers to submit pay rolls and muster rolls. Muster roll of the Officers and men that have been transferred . Some of the rolls are only for officers, the crew, or marine guards. In the list of muster rolls and payrolls, numbers placed in parentheses are used to distinguish between identically named vessels. The information for civilians includes name, rating, department in which employed, date of appointment, and annual salary. There are smaller sets for the periods July 1864-June 1865 (3 volumes), September 1864-January 1878 (3 volumes), December 1873-December 1875 (1 volume), and January 1876-March 1877 (1 volume). Entries are for warrants for payment of amounts owed to the Navy Department, although usually they are not so identified. Arranged by name of agent or purser and thereunder chronologically. Individual entries include previous balance, requisition numbers and amounts, total expenditures for the month, and the new balance.
1813-14--Many of the letters are concerned with the problems of delivering cannons to the naval vessels fighting on the Great Lakes. There are two volumes numbered 32, the second being a corrected version of the first. There are name indexes in volumes 2, 5-7, and 12-17 and name and subject indexes in volumes 1, 3, 4, and 8-11. There are no letters for the period August 12, 1829-December 31, 1835; presumably they were copied in a volume 2, which is missing. The volume has a name and subject index, arranged alphabetically by initial letter of surname, position title, or subject, which contains a brief description of the content of each letter. These letters relate to the same subjects as the letters described in entry 15. The letters sent have been reproduced as NARA Microfilm Publication M480, Letters Sent by the Secretary of the Navy to Chiefs of Navy Bureaus, 1842-1886. "Confidential" and Other Letters, Telegrams, and Cablegrams Sent to Commanding Officers of Squadrons and Vessels. For earlier letters to commanding officers of squadrons and vessels, see entry 3; for confidential letters to them, March 1861-October 1876, see entry 25. Generally, the letters are addressed to commanders of squadrons or ships or naval attachés in foreign locations. 52), corrections to codes and war portfolios, visits of foreigners to naval vessels and yards, the disposition of German cruisers held at Philadelphia and interned personnel, war mobilization plans, the Navy's 1918 shipbuilding program, and the sending of cipher messages and confidential publications. "Confidential" Communications Sent Relating to World War I. The communications concern the general conduct of World War I, including such matters as the preparation of merchant vessels to receive armed guards, operation of the armed guard vessels, construction of submarines and development of antisubmarine devices, installation of sound detection devices on naval vessels, vessel collisions, intelligence work in the Far East, oil shipments to Great Britain, and the return of disabled soldiers to the United States on naval transports. Press Copies of Communications Sent Concerning the Construction of Battleships for the Argentine Naval Commission. A number of letters contain reports from lieutenants and passed midshipmen who led or participated in exploring and relief expeditions during the period 1839-84; other such letters are among those described in entry 40. Hunter from Trieste on the movements of the combined fleet of Sardinia and Naples and the Austrian Army in June 1848 and a letter of April 23, 1850, from Lt. Page describing conditions in China after the death of Emperor Kaou Kwang. There are reports from officers assigned to special duty, including, Comdr. Henry Glass, and others who sought to preserve peace between white miners and Indians in the vicinity of Sitka, AK, 1879-82. Often the index entries include descriptions of the contents of individual letters. There is an incomplete calendar of the letters from captains relating to South America, 1825-34, in the Subject File (see entry 502). Arranged chronologically with some overlapping between volumes. The correspondence that these memorandums accompanied is interspersed among the general correspondence of Record Groups 24, 38, 80, and 19. Additional Marine Corps muster rolls are in Records of the U. The muster and payrolls, except the unbound ones, are available on NARA Microfilm Publication T829, Miscellaneous Records of the Office of Naval Records and Library. Muster Rolls and Payrolls for Shore Establishments. Usually, if there is only one volume for a yard or station, there are muster rolls and payrolls bound together. Payrolls of persons employed by the Bureau of Equipment and Recruiting on Jeanette, 1879 and n.d. Some lists for the Civil War period were prepared at a later date by the Treasury Department to fill gaps in the records.
1815-24--These letters pertain to various subjects, including a military survey of the coast of North Carolina, the detail of Army officers as members of courts-martial convened to try Marine Corps officers, and the transport of Army officers on naval vessels. Later letters to the Secretary of War are among those described in entry 20. Arranged alphabetically by initial letter of surname or occasionally position of addressee. A typewritten name and subject index prepared by the Office of Naval Records and Library is in volume 1, and name indexes prepared contemporaneously by the Secretary's office are in the other volumes. Volume 18 has both a name and a name and subject index. 206), provided for the construction of not more than 15 gunboats. Name indexes in volumes 1-7 are arranged alphabetically by initial letter of surname. Each volume includes name and subject index and an additional index for the second volume (volume 3) has been inserted in the volume. For the period covered by this series there are no handwritten copies except for a few inserted in this volume. The communications in these volumes frequently contain orders detailing routes to be followed, ports to be entered, and passengers to be taken on board and instructions regarding the conduct of officers newly assigned to the command of squadrons and the extension of courtesies to American and foreign dignitaries. The messages relate for the most part to operations during the Spanish-American War and the Philippine Insurrection and to operations in response to the political situation in various parts of Latin America and other parts of the world. Scientific matters are the subjects of letters received from officers assigned to the Depot of Charts and Instruments, the Naval Observatory, and the Nautical Almanac Office during the 1830s, 1840s, and 1850s. Also, lieutenants who traveled to various parts of Europe submitted lengthy reports of their observations of foreign naval vessels and shipyards upon their return to the country. Alexander Murray, commander of a special squadron to Russia in 1866-67; Comdr. There are also letters from the first Superintendent of the U. Naval Academy, Franklin Buchanan, 1845-47; and from commanders who served as commandants of midshipmen (cadets) at the Academy. From 1805 to 1841, there are letters from captains commanding at sea, at navy yards, and at naval stations. There are name and subject indexes in the individual volumes. Directives, 1798-1913 The application of the term "directives" to general orders and circulars issued by the Navy Department is of recent origin. If there is more than one volume, usually the muster rolls and payrolls are bound in separate volumes. In addition to the officers and crews assigned to the yard or station, other naval personnel who were temporarily there or who were unassigned were sometimes carried on the rolls. Payrolls of persons employed by the Bureau of Steam Engineering on Jeanette, 1879. Payrolls of mechanics and laborers, 1869-70 and n.d. There are indexes to names of vessels in most of the volumes.
Index to addressees for volume 21 of the letters described in entry 6. The indexes are arranged alphabetically by initial letter of surname or office in volumes 2-32 and 65-107 and alphabetically by first two letters of surname or office in volumes 33-64. For annual reports to the President, 1824-86, see entry 10. Letters and Reports Sent to Chairmen of Congressional Committees, Presiding Officers of the House and Senate, and the President. The name indexes in volumes 12-18 have a brief description of the content of each letter. Additional acts passed during the years 1805-7 increased the number by 263, but only 176 gunboats were actually built. In volumes 8-10 they are arranged for the most part by initial letter of name of port or other location to which the agent was assigned, with letters to naval storekeepers usually indexed under the letter "S." For registers of most of the letters, see entry 1. Index entries contain a brief description of the content of each letter. Included are requests from the Secretary to prepare vessels for cruises, to provide estimates of naval expenses and other information requested by congressional committees, to consider the procurement of supplies either by open market purchase or by contract, and to give opinions on the fitness of officer candidates for promotions. The originals of most of the letters are among those described in entry 315. Courts-martial, promotions, transfers, and the repair of vessels and changes in their names also are discussed. Included are messages to Commodore George Dewey at Hong Kong in 1898 containing orders for the distribution of vessels to the blockade of Manila and to Commodore William T. Reports of local political conditions in various parts of Latin America, particularly Mexico, are included in many of the volumes dated immediately before and after the Mexican War. Enclosures in the form of returns, lists, muster rolls, drawings, and maps are bound with some of the letters, and there are some telegrams after 1850. Charles Hatfield, head of an expedition to Nicaragua in 1872; and Comdr. Letters from Buchanan's successors are described in entry 49. In 1841 a separate series was established for letters received from captains commanding squadrons (see entry 45), and in 1848 a separate series was established for letters from captains commanding yards and stations (see entry 51). Most of the letters for the period 1842-46 are from the Chairmen of the House and Senate Committees on Naval Affairs, but beginning in 1827 letters requesting information or the Secretary's opinions on pending legislation were received from the Chairmen of the Committee on Claims and the Committee on Ways and Means of the House and from other committee chairmen and Members of Congress. There are name and subject indexes or lists of subjects of letters in the volumes. The series contains copies of letters, reports, endorsements, memorandums, lists, orders, a printed calendar of events, newspaper articles, and other records concerning the Navy's participation in the celebration of the 300th anniversary of the discovery of the Hudson River by Henry Hudson and the 100th anniversary of the first successful use of a steamboat. Meaning any communication that initiates or governs action, conduct, or procedure, it accurately describes most of the Navy Department general orders and circulars sent by the Secretary of the Navy to commanding officers of ships, squadrons, yards, and stations and to other naval officers between 17. These include recruits, officers and men serving on vessels that were to take part in expeditions, and occasionally officers and men attached to a vessel at a yard or station or to a flotilla. Payrolls of persons employed by the Bureau of Ordnance, 1872. Payrolls of mechanics and laborers, 1820, 1839, and n.d. The lists were prepared by paymasters or assistant paymasters. Register of Repayment Warrants Drawn Upon the Treasury Department.
Index entries give name or position and page number. The index for volume 21 is bound separately (see entry 5). A brief typewritten history describing Navy Department appropriations for the period 1798-1803, prepared by Rosa Pendleton Chiles, a member of the staff of the Office of Naval Records and Library, precedes the name and subject index in the first volume (June 1798-August 1803). troops from the Sabine River and that letters from Col. For registers covering most of the volumes, see entry 1. Most of the letters were addressed to naval officers and Navy agents authorized to make contracts on behalf of the Navy for the construction of gunboats and to supervise their construction. The letters to commandants, 1808-24, relate to the general administration of navy yards and naval stations, including the convening of courts-martial, but more especially to matters pertaining to the construction and repair of vessels, to supplies, and to personnel. Most of the original letters for the missing period are likely among the letters received by the board (see entry 315). There are also letters to volunteer (acting) officers who commanded ships during the Civil War. These letters have been reproduced as NARA Microfilm Publication M148, Letters Received by the Secretary of the Navy From Commissioned Officers Below the Rank of Commander and From Warrant Officers ("Officers' Letters"), 1802-1884. These letters have been reproduced as NARA Microfilm Publication M147, Letters Received by the Secretary of the Navy from Commanders, 1804-1886. Letters received from captains during the Civil War period are bound with those from rear admirals and commodores (see entry 54). Occasionally, several representatives from the same state petitioned the Secretary to take action on naval matters affecting their home districts. Most of the letters relate to contracts for food, timber, uniforms, and equipment and to the construction and repair of vessels. There are three "supplemental" volumes for letters apparently missed when the original binding was done. Throughout most of the period 1798-1862, it appears that the titles "general order," "naval general order," and "general naval order" were used interchangeably. Also in this series are reports and returns, receipt rolls, accounts, articles of agreement, and various kinds of lists that were kept in place of or in addition to the muster rolls and payrolls. Payrolls of mechanics and laborers employed, 1830-33 and n.d. Payroll of persons employed by the Bureau of Provisions and Clothing, 1868. Payrolls of mechanics and laborers employed, 1821-24. Payrolls and receipt rolls of mechanics and laborers, 1824. Payrolls and receipt rolls of draughtsmen and workmen, 1863-64. They were supposed to be submitted quarterly and whenever the vessel returned to the United States. There are no entries for the period July 1820-June 1822. The volume is labeled "Treasurer's Daybook," but it is a preliminary version of the last part of one of the registers of warrants described in entry 81.
In addition, volumes 1-3 and 12 have typewritten name and subject indexes prepared by the Office of Naval Records and Library. Marine Corps officers, including warrant officers, line officers, medical personnel, commandants of yards, and squadron commanders. Beginning with the volume for 1801, letters sent to Marine Corps officers are not included in this series. Entries in the first two volumes appear to be arranged chronologically by date of referral. They include requests for appointments as midshipmen, pursers, and surgeons; for civilian appointments in the Department; and for the Secretary's consideration of various inventions and manufactured goods for possible use by the Navy. Arranged in several sets, to a considerable extent by type of copy, and thereunder for the most part chronologically. naval officer who, during the Mexican War, served as an acting purser of a naval vessel ordered to Mexico or as governor and duty collector in a Mexican port town.